China’s crackdown on its crypto mining sector, launched earlier this year, caused a massive migration of mining enterprises to friendlier jurisdictions. Miners have been moving enormous amount of coin minting hardware to new bases around the world, with Russia reportedly taking the largest share among several attractive destinations, including the U.S.
Russia, Kazakhstan, US Accept Most Chinese Mining Rigs
The influx of Chinese miners in several countries which either provide certain regulatory clarity or offer cheap energy has been accompanied by a large transfer of mining equipment. Data compiled by the Financial Times shows that 14 of the world’s biggest crypto mining businesses have evacuated more than 2 million mining machines out of the People’s Republic after the government in Beijing launched a nation-wide crackdown on the industry in May.
North America and Central Asia have turned into mining hotspots, but it’s Russia that has taken the top spot. The report reveals that at least 205,000 mining devices have been transported to the Russian Federation out of a total of over 430,000. Following China’s decision to go after bitcoin miners, the Russian firm Bitriver received 200,000 machines from Chinese miners, while the Moscow-based Bit Cluster accommodated another 5,000.
Neighboring Kazakhstan has become a major mining destination as well. The country, which maintains a capped electricity rate, now hosts numerous data centers run by Chinese mining companies. According to the FT numbers, most of the relocated 87,849 Chinese mining rigs came from Bitfufu, which shipped 80,000 machines to crypto farms in Kazakhstan, and BIT Mining, which deployed 7,849 devices by August.
Both former-Soviet countries are facing challenges related to their growing crypto industries. Russia is yet to regulate the sector with mounting opinions among officials that mining should be recognized as an entrepreneurial activity and taxed accordingly. Kazakhstan is experiencing power shortages largely blamed on crypto miners while authorities are mulling over the introduction of registration for miners and a higher electricity tariff.